Monday, March 19, 2018

Per Diem Allowances Subject to Withholding

If the amount of an employee's business expenses are substantiated through the use of an IRS-approved per diem allowance, any amounts paid by the employer to the employee exceeding the amounts deemed substantiated are treated as  paid under a nonaccountable plan and subject to income tax withholding and other employment taxes (Reg. §§ 1.62-2(h)(2)(i)(B) and 31.3401(a)-4(b)(1)(ii)).

For per diem or mileage allowances paid in advance, withholding on any excess must occur no later than the first payroll period following the payroll period in which the expenses paid (i.e., the days or miles of travel) are substantiated by the employee. For a per diem or mileage allowance paid as a reimbursement, the excess amounts reimbursed are subject to withholding when paid.

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